Dynamic DNS via Digital Ocean API
This is a quick tutorial about setting up a simple shell script that runs periodically to update a DNS record on the internet with the IP address of your network. If you’ve ever wanted to have
myhome.mydomain.com always updated with your home IP address, this is one way you can do it. There are paid and free services that offer this functionality, but I choose to use this method because it gives me ultimate flexibility over my domain.
This tutorial assumes you have your own Top Level Domain (TLD) and that you’ve configured it to use Digital Ocean as the authoritative DNS for it. Here, I’ll use “example.com” as the top level domain.
Log in to Digital Ocean and click on
API from the top Menu. Click the
Generate New Token button and give it a name. The name is not parsed, it’s just for your own reference. I like to give it something descriptive to my application. For this example, I’ll use
MyDNS. Be sure to check the box next to
Write so we can update the records using this API Key.
Once you have the API Key, save it somewhere for reference. It’s one of the 3 variables we’ll need to update in the update_do_dns.sh script.
domain value will be your Top Level Domain (TLD) or base domain name. Here I’m using
Now you need the record ID that you want to update. To get this record ID, create an entry in the Digital Ocean Control Panel:
Networking -> Domains page. You should see your TLD listed. Click on it and you will see the records that are defined. If you want to use
myhome.example.com as your name, you’ll create an
A Record. This record type is just a straight name to IP mapping.
At this point, you can give it whatever IP you want. Our script will be updating it automatically later. We just want to define the name and generate a
To get the RecordID, you run the view_do_dns.sh script and look for the record you’re going to be updating. In this case, we’ll use
myhome.example.com. After running the script, you should see output like this:
25749301 @ NS ns1.digitalocean.com
Here we can see the
myhome record. It’s ID is value in the first column:
30979354. We’ll use this value in the
RecordID variable of our update_do_dns.sh script.
When you run the script it will indicate if the DNS entry was updated or not.
Checking IP for change on: Thu May 3 22:45:01 EDT 2018
Checking IP for change on: Fri May 4 00:45:01 EDT 2018
Don’t run your IP script too frequently because it can piss off your provider by abusing their service. I set mine to 5 minutes. I feel this is a good balance between getting frequent updates and not being an asshole.
Create a crontab entry like so:
*/5 * * * * /path/to/update_do_dyndns.sh >> /tmp/update_do_dns.txt 2>&1
If this script is run from an always on computer or server within your network, it will update the DNS A Record for the name you selected at the interval you request. It may take some time for the DNS changes to propagate to the Master Zone files on the internet. This isn’t a high resolution solution, so if you need something faster you’ll have to write something yourself that lowers the TTL or use a paid or enterprise grade solution.
The uses of this new Dynamic DNS entry are endless. You can use it to host a website on your home network, run a Sonarr or Plex instance, or use it as your VPN endpoint.
Dynamic DNS via Digital Ocean API